Marijuana legalization has been a long-stretched topic for over five decades. Most regions in the United States have embraced the use of marijuana for medical purposes. The effectiveness of products from marijuana has seen numerous research organizations concentrate on fact-finding for many years. Several institutions have affirmed that the products contain medicinal value. Experts use it in the form of pills to manage nausea, especially when a patient is under cancer chemotherapy. In addition, the drugs boost the appetite in patients with AIDS. MMJ can be consumed in many ways, such as brownies, carts, and other methods.
Today, regulatory bodies oversee clinical trials for multiple marijuana medical products, with several already approved. Numerous regions have registered the use of Nabiximols as a pain reliever for neuropathic and spasticity complications. Canada and the United Kingdom are examples of countries that have approved the products.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been on the frontline to approve several medical products made from marijuana. They include Epidiolex, which medical experts use to treat severe epilepsy in kids. The body has also permitted the use of dronabinol and nabilone.
Medical experts extract products from marijuana plants, after which they purify them rather than using the entire plant. However, researchers are yet to determine the long-term effects that marijuana products can have on patients who have advanced in age or those who suffer from chronic illnesses such as AIDS, cancer, and cardiovascular complications, to mention a few. Such a reality calls for further research, which the regulating bodies have encouraged.
America has the highest number of states that have legalized marijuana medically in health institutions. Patients suffering from various illnesses access marijuana-based drugs on prescription. Doctors use the products when conducting medical procedures on patients, such as chemotherapy.
Over 33 States in the US have legalized the use of marijuana for medical purposes. The first one to open the gates was California in 1996. However, the federal law considers marijuana an illegal drug, categorizing it in the class of cocaine. Despite the medical value it features, the federal law argues that it is among the highly abused drugs. Health organizations use marijuana under the protection of State law, but they violate federal law by doing that.
Alabama restricts residents from farming marijuana for whatever reason. The ruling is lenient for first-timers. However, a second offense on marijuana possession leads to a felony charge. The law prohibits the distribution or sale of marijuana. Nonetheless, a 2014 bill in the state allowed authorized clinics to extract cannabidiol substance and use it on debilitating epilepsy treatment.
Alabama Senate signed the bill in April, aiming to allow health institutions to use marijuana for medical operations. The law seemed popular, and most expected it to sail through after the approval. However, the onset of COVID-19 halted the voting process, slowing down the legalization procedure.
Alaska is a free State regarding marijuana possession, farming, and use. Residents use it for medical purposes or personal gains. The law demands that anyone handling marijuana should only do it in a private residence. Violation of the regulation makes it a felony, punishable by the state’s law.
Whether one wants to use marijuana for recreational purposes or medical use, it is legal to possess not more than one ounce. It is illegal for one to handle more than three ounces of marijuana at the same time. Residents are free to sell and distribute marijuana as long as they hold a license from the authorizing body. For the farmers, it is acceptable to grow plants not exceeding six in number. However, it is illegal to cultivate more than three plants for a non-commercial farmer.
2020 was a historical year in Arizona as farming and possessing marijuana ceased to be a crime. Residents have the freedom to use marijuana for medical and personal reasons without violating the state’s law. Farmers can access the market and interact with their customers. Initially, the law only allowed medical use in Arizona, which became legal in 2011.
For recreation purposes, residents should not possess more than one ounce of marijuana. It is a felony to handle weed exceeding 2.5 for an individual. In addition, it is not right to hold more than 2.5, even though the law is lenient with that limit. Those who distribute marijuana in Arizona are within the law if they have a legal license. None-commercial farmers can only grow three plants maximally.
Famers living in remote areas far from a licensed health institution have the freedom to grow 12 weed plants, but not more than that. In addition, people with demanding conditions, especially health-related ones, can possess two ounces within two weeks. It is a crime to have more than the allowed capacity or to violate the agreed duration.
Unlike several other states, Arkansas State only allows marijuana for medical usage. That way, it is illegal to buy, distribute, or even possess cannabis for any other reason besides medical. The law is stringent for any offenders caught violating the regulations subsequently, after a first instance. The state law approved the medical usage of marijuana in 2016. It is a crime to plant marijuana privately.
California was among the first States in the US where marijuana became legal for recreational purposes and medical use. Since 1996, people have been purchasing and selling marijuana freely within the region. However, the law permits residents to have less than one ounce regardless of the purpose. It is illegal to distribute or sell weed without a license in California. Famers have the liberty to grow plants not exceeding six.
Marijuana legalization is a sensitive topic that many states do not overlook. Medical institutions have mechanized extraction processes to obtain refined products for treatment purposes. The States that legalize marijuana have limitations and governing laws to control its usage, both for recreational and medical purposes.